Nile dam: battle for water
Who does the Nile belong to? A dangerous conflict is currently breaking out on this issue between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan.
Ethiopia is building a gigantic dam, the "Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam"; Probably the largest hydropower plant in Africa: 1870 meters long and 145 meters high, costs around five billion dollars.
This construction leads to considerable tension because the 100 million inhabitants of Egypt get 95 percent of their fresh water from the Nile. There is great fear that there will be a water shortage if Ethiopia fills the dam. The dam project is becoming a question of survival for Egypt. Sudan is also dependent on fresh water from the Nile.
At its core, it is about the period in which the dam should be filled and that in turn determines the amount of water that will then arrive in Egypt and Sudan. Opinions are divided here: Ethiopia would like to have the dam filled in a short period of time (5-7 years) so that the electricity can be produced more efficiently and faster. Egypt and Sudan, on the other hand, want a longer period and thus a higher amount of water that arrives in Egypt and Sudan.
The crisis threatens to escalate: the African Union and the UN Security Council are trying to contribute to a peaceful solution; in the meantime, Donald Trump has also intervened. He advocates that the Egyptians should not "blow up" the dam if there is no agreement. He also said the US government has now cut aid funds in Ethiopia.